Entry of 5021       

Erzhan Qurbanuly

Chinese ID: 654121197807014272 (Ghulja County)


Age: 35-55    Detention reason: unclear    Detention type: released
Gender: M    Detention time: Oct. 2017 - Dec. 2017    Health status: unclear
Ethnicity: Kazakh    Profession: manual work    Location: outside China

List(s): Eyewitness accounts, Camp releases (late 2018 / early 2019), Forced labor cases, Examples of international / media pressure on Xinjiang authorities, Victims with foreign residence


Testifying party (submitted by third party)

Testimony 1+2+4+5+6: Mainur Medetbek, born on January 1, 1976. She is a Kazakh citizen. PIN: 760101002053.

Testimony 3: Hanisa Erzhan was born in 2006 in China.

Victim's relation to testifier

Testimony 1+2+4+5+6: spouse

Testimony 3: father

About the victim

Erzhan Qurbanuly (叶尔江*库尔帮) took his daughter to China for treatment on November 29, 2017 [Testimony 1 + 5]; Erzhan Qurban went to China at the end of 2017 to see his mother. [Testimony 2]; Erzhan Qurban could not come to Kazakhstan in time as he had to look after his old mother. [Testimony 3]; Erzhan Qurban, born on July 1, 1978, went to China in November 2017 to have his daughter Shugyla Erzhan (born on November 13, 1998) treated. Erzhan Qurban's Chinese ID number is 654121197807014272, passport number is G58818764, KZ green card number is 026898659. [Testimony 4]

Address in China: Yining city, Mazha township (麻扎乡), Paletewai village (帕勒特外村), Group 2.

Victim's location

Back in Kazakhstan.

When victim was detained

Testimony 2: before the Chinese Spring Festival 2018

Testimony 3: approximately in April 2018

Testimony 4: sent to the re-education camp on January 1, 2018

Testimony 5: His documents were taken when he arrived in China (November 29, 2017), with authorities saying that they would return them to him when he went back to Kazakhstan. He was taken to a camp in February 2018, before the Spring Festival.

Testimony 6: February 6, 2018

Reason given for detention

unclear

Victim's status

Testimonies 1-3 have reported him as being in the re-education camp.
Testimony 4 provides new information: He was released from camp on November 3, 2018. However he was sent to a factory on November 8, 2018. Now he is working there for a monthly salary of 600 RMB. He can visit his home once a week (every Saturday). His daughter, Shugyla, who has serious problems with her eyes, now lives in China as she had her passport seized.
In Testimony 5, Mainur says that he stayed at home for 10 days after being released from camp before being sent to a factory on November 12. She also specifies that her husband is basically shuttled home by bus once a week. The factory is the Jiafang textile (glove) factory.

According to the RTS story (https://www.rts.ch/info/monde/10372597-rescapes-de-camps-de-reeducation-chinois-au-xinjiang-ils-temoignent.html), he has now returned to Kazakhstan.

How did the testifier learn about the victim's status?

through relatives in Xinjiang [AP News story]
he called his wife directly after being released from the camp [Testimony 5]

Additional information

Erzhan Qurbanuly was also mentioned, albeit anonymously, in the AP News story about the forced labor in Xinjiang (https://www.apnews.com/e7c9af9654fa43ad958b2dc54895d42e):

"Mainur Medetbek’s husband did odd repair jobs before vanishing into a camp in February during a visit to China from their home in Kazakhstan. She has been able to glean a sense of his conditions from monitored exchanges with relatives and from the husband of a woman in the same camp. He works in an apparel factory and is allowed to leave and spend the night with relatives every other Saturday.

Though Medetbek is uncertain how much her husband makes, the woman in his camp earns 600 yuan (about $87) a month, less than half the local minimum wage and far less than what Medetbek’s husband used to earn.

“They say it’s a factory, but it’s an excuse for detention. They don’t have freedom, there’s no time for him to talk with me,” she said. “They say they found a job for him. I think it’s a concentration camp.”"

Supplementary materials

Testimony 1
Testimony 2
Testimony 3
Testimony 4
Testimony 6
Testimony 5
Kazakhstan ID
Chinese ID
marriage certificate
photo (RTS)

Entry created: 2018-10-17

Last updated: 2018-10-17

Latest update from testifier: 2017-10-01